Prywatyzacja i deprywatyzacja: od ekspansji (1990–2005) do implozji (2006–2025) systemu szkolnictwa wyższego w Polsce
Słowa kluczowe:privatization, de-privatization, Poland, universities, demographic pressures, private sector, public/private dynamics, universal higher education, postcommunist transformations
AbstraktThe paper analyzes the changing public-private dynamics in higher education in Poland in 1990-2016 and beyond, focusing on the processes of internal and external de-privatization of the system. De-privatization of higher education – viewed also as its republicization – is caused by declining demographics and may lead to the demise of the largely demand-absorbing private higher education. Poland is shown as moving against the two powerful global trends related to privatization: private sector growth and increasing reliance on cost-sharing. Data related to funding and provision in 1990-2005 (expansion) and 2006 and beyond (contraction) are analyzed in detail, and policy implications of ongoing and expected changes are discussed.