Edukacja – trudne pytania. Początek działalności Komitetu Rozwoju Edukacji Narodowej PAN
Słowa kluczowe:tasks of the Committee for the Development of National Education PAS, crisis of education system in Poland, dilemmas concerning the repair of education system, education system and model of the political system
This article contains important information about the establishment of the Committee for the Development of National Education of the Polish Academy of Sciences in December 2012. The author is a member and the chairman of this Committee. The role of the committee is to generate a critical diagnosis of the education system, including the identification of its strengths and weaknesses, and to develop a holistic vision of education system in Poland for the next few decades, a vision which is both coherent and modern. The author presents a very critical evaluation of the current state of the education system, indicating various pathologies and dysfunctions. The article also proposes an individual, subjective list of dilemmas of this education system which require urgent repair. Amongst other, these include, a general levy for nursery education; a change from the traditional school model in favour of progressive one (in which the school is seen as a multi-function centre for lifelong learning, which would favour the development of autonomy and creativity in each individual); a system of education nurturing a culture of decency, trust and cooperation; the elimination of harmful mandatory external examinations; the replacement of the confessional religious education with education about various kinds of religions and cultures of the world; multicultural and transnational education; a reversal of the sequence of higher education – first, multidisciplinary education, then single-subject studies, culminating in post-graduate vocational studies, equality of all forms of studies, common payments for studies; the rebuilding of vocational education system and teachers training; the limiting of the powers of central authorities in favour of local authorities and school boards. The hardest issue strategically, according to the author, may be a constitutional issues – that is, which model of democracy will be formed in Poland (participatory, market, national-Catholic), because the education system will adapt to the broader economic system and cultural heritage.