Percutaneous revascularization of coronary chronic total occlusions – per aspera ad astra!

Maksymilian P. Opolski, Witold Rużyłło


Patients with coronary chronic total occlusions have usually anginal symptoms, reversible ischemia on stress testing and viable myocardium subtended by the occluded artery. Notwithstanding the optimal clinical characteristics for revascularization by means of percutaneous coronary intervention, the majority of subjects with chronic total occlusions are treated medically or referred for coronary artery bypass grafting. This review highlights the evolution and latest advancements in percutaneous techniques and technologies for revascularization of CTO.


coronary chronic total occlusion; percutaneous coronary intervention

Full Text:

PDF (Polish)