Hope – a key to the art of life

Józef Kozielecki

Abstract


Psychological research has attested to the crucial role of hope in education, business, medicine, and politics. Living in hope enhances the chances of success, helps to adapt to the environment and makes our life more meaningful. On the other hand, absence of hope (hopelessness) leads to cynicism or despair.


Keywords


hope; hopelessness; art of life

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